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约翰霍普金斯大学健康专家对美国民众新冠病毒心理反应进行反馈

  • 责任编辑:siyu.zhang
  • 来源:互联网
  • 时间:2020-07-31 10:45:11

  新冠病毒在美国肆虐,严重的疫情危机令民众产生了异常的新冠病毒心理反应,一起看看约翰霍普金斯大学专家对此事的看法。

  应对COVID-19

  约翰霍普金斯大学心理健康专家讨论了对新冠病毒大流行的普遍心理反应

  作者:Jackie Founder/出版时间:8小时前

  焦虑。抑郁。恐惧。这些对冠状病毒大流行的常见反应可以影响任何环境下的人们,无论是美国城市还是赞比亚的农村社区。

  虽然对新冠病毒心理反应可能是普遍的,但有效和可获得的心理保健却不是。为此,彭博商学院的全球心理健康项目正在调整其在中低收入国家的项目,以帮助人们应对公共卫生危机。

  心理健康系副教授朱迪思·巴斯和精神卫生和国际卫生部的资深科学家劳拉·默里解释了该项目的COVID-19反应。

  总的来说,你们的计划是如何适应大流行的?

  LM:在很多项目中,我们都处在扩展服务的阶段。为了应对这场大流行,我们已经转向灾难性心理健康模式,把重点放在预防工作和减轻更严重的问题上。

  第一个层次是预防,获取有关COVID-19的信息,并教授在压力情况下使用的技能,如睡眠、接触支持系统和保持时间表。我们也有一个类似分类的系统来识别那些没有很好地应对大流行压力的人,并筛选出更严重的问题。

  这种方法在实地是什么样子的?

  LM:在赞比亚,我们与我们在社区中认识的人接触,他们是“联络点”或“联络人”——类似于社区卫生工作者,以掌握社区脉搏,成为信息资源和获得更多帮助的纽带。他们主要通过小册子、直接交流和可以在手机上观看的视频来获取有关COVID-19和应对技能的信息。

  这些连接器与我们训练有素的公共元素治疗方法提供者相关联,这些提供者接受过电话治疗的培训,可以在诸如自杀意念和人际暴力等紧急问题上寻求他们的帮助。

  JB:在缅甸,我们在国内流离失所者营地工作。缅甸的识字率相对较高,因此我们分发书面材料,我们还使用扬声器音频文件和基于电话的视频来强化关于压力和应对的信息。

  LM:在乌克兰,技术容量更大,CETA提供商使用Zoom或Skype等视频平台。我们还提供小组形式的单一元素CETA课程,作为技能培养和参与方法。

  你在中低收入国家的COVID-19工作对美国的心理健康服务有何影响。?

  我与纽约大学麦克西尔弗贫困、政策和研究所合作,根据CETA模型中明确的步骤和指导方针,通过电话为社会工作者提供自杀安全评估的网络研讨会和资源。

  我们还与农村和服务不足的社区合作,那里的精神卫生专业人员很少,需要循证治疗,不仅要处理一个问题,而且要处理好几个问题,如抑郁、创伤、焦虑、暴力和药物使用。

  在健康中发布

  标记精神健康,冠状病毒,covid-19

  附上原文,以供参考,拒绝转载,侵权必删:

  COPING WITH COVID-19

  John Hopkins experts in mental health discuss the universal psychological responses to the coronavirus pandemic

  By Jackie Powder / Published 8 hours ago

  Anxiety. Depression. Fear. These common responses to the coronavirus pandemic can affect people in any setting, whether it's an American city or a rural community in Zambia.

  While psychological responses to COVID-19 may be universal, effective and accessible mental health care is not. To that end, the Bloomberg School's Global Mental Health Program is adapting its programs in low- and middle-income countries to help people cope in a public health crisis.

  Judith Bass, associate professor in the Department of Mental Health, and Laura Murray, senior scientist in the Departments of Mental Health and International Health, explain the program's COVID-19 response.

  Broadly, how have your programs adapted to the pandemic?

  LM: In many programs, we were at the point of scaling up services. In response to the pandemic, we've shifted to a disaster mental health model to focus on prevention efforts and mitigating more serious problems.

  The first level is prevention—getting information out about COVID-19 and teaching skills to use in stressful situations, like getting sleep, reaching out to support systems, and keeping a schedule. We also have a triage-like system to identify people not dealing well with the stress of the pandemic and to screen for more serious problems.

  What does this approach look like on the ground?

  LM: In Zambia we engaged with people we know in communities to be "focal points" or "connectors"—similar to community-based health workers—to take the pulse of the community and be a resource for information and a connector to more help. They're getting messages out about COVID-19 and coping skills, mainly through pamphlets, direct communication, and videos that can be viewed on phones.

  The connectors are linked to our trained Common Elements Treatment Approachproviders who are trained in telephone-based therapy and can enlist their help for urgent issues like suicide ideation and interpersonal violence.

  JB: In Myanmar, we work in a camp for internally displaced populations. Literacy is relatively high in Myanmar, so we distribute written materials, and we're also using loudspeaker audio files and phone-based videos to reinforce messages around stress and coping.

  LM: In Ukraine, where there is more capacity for technology, CETA providers use video platforms like Zoom or Skype. We are also offering single-element CETA sessions in group format as a skill-building and engagement approach.

  How is your COVID-19 work in low- and middle-income countries influencing mental health services in the U.S.?

  LM: I partnered with New York University's McSilver Institute for Poverty, Policy and Research to offer a webinar and resources for social workers on suicide safety assessment via telephone, based on the clear steps and guidelines in our CETA model.

  We also are working with rural and underserved communities where there are few mental health professionals and a need for an evidence-based treatment that deals with not just one problem but several, like depression, trauma, anxiety, violence, and substance use.

  Posted in Health

  Tagged mental health, coronavirus, covid-19

  Source of articles:https://hub.jhu.edu/

  Author:Jackie Powder

  以上就是新冠病毒肆虐令民众出现异常新冠病毒心理反应的情况介绍了,按约翰霍普金斯大学健康专家的意见来看,大家在做好生理防护的同时也要做好心理防御工作。


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