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新冠疫情下美国新冠疫苗接种速度减缓 政府针对这一情况采取相应措施

  • 责任编辑:siyu.zhang
  • 来源:互联网
  • 时间:2021-01-13 20:06:46

  美国新冠疫情仍旧十分严峻,大家都在关注新冠疫苗的注射情况,下面就和天道小编看看美国疾病控制与预防中心的最新资讯。

  “这是个问题……全国范围内:卫生官员希望在养老院加快新冠疫苗的接种

  Karen weintraubtonyleysusa今天

  养老院在推出COVID-19疫苗方面进展缓慢,但联邦政府、药房和养老院官员表示,他们有望在本月底之前完成这项工作。

  美国疾病控制与预防中心(U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,简称cdc)的数据显示,在分发给养老院使用的疫苗中,只有约16%是注射给住户及其护理人员的。

  但卫生与公共服务部长亚历克斯·阿扎尔(Alex Azar)表示,这些数字低估了实际的疫苗接种数量,因为在接种时间和记录时间之间存在时间差。

  阿扎尔表示,由于需要获得居民或其家人的同意表,新冠疫情下疫苗接种的速度已经放缓,但他预计疫苗接种率将很快加快。

  阿扎尔在周三接受记者电话采访时说:“我们将会看到这些疫苗用于养老院患者的数量大幅增加。”

  关于疫苗的问题,答案是:我感染了COVID - 19,我还应该接种疫苗吗?副作用是什么?它的“成分”是什么?

  但爱荷华州州长金·雷诺兹(Kim Reynolds)周四表示,这一过程的进展并不像她预期的那么快。

  “这是一个在全国各地都在发生的问题,”她在与其他州长和负责分发疫苗的连锁药店会面前不久说。“我们所有人都不满意这种执行方式。”

  连锁养老院似乎更满意。

  Genesis HealthCare的首席医疗官理查德·费弗(Richard Feifer)博士说,公司350多家养老院的疫苗接种工作正在按期进行。

  “养老院项目在这一点上进展得很顺利,”他说。

  他说,“创世纪”公司从12月21日开始为病人和工作人员接种疫苗,目前已经完成了一半。

  美国卫生保健协会(American Health Care Association)和全国辅助生活中心(National Center for Assisted Living)也表示,其最初的时间表似乎是成立的。该中心代表了全美超过1.4万家养老院和辅助生活社区。

  根据一份事先准备好的声明,“目前,我们还没有意识到这种疫苗推广的广泛问题或延迟,如果有的话,我们将是第一批发出警报的人之一。”“我们会继续帮助少数来我们这里寻求帮助或澄清的会员服务提供者,但大多数服务提供者告诉我们,他们的诊所已经预定或已经开业,总的来说,这个项目运行得很顺利。”

  法伊费尔说,他担心疫苗的副作用可能会要求工作人员休假。但症状的发生率“比我们预期的要低得多,”他说。“我们几乎没有接到员工的召唤。”

  尽管如此,创世基金会的许多机构的工作人员仍然拒绝接种疫苗,费伊费尔说。在一些机构,80%的员工会报名注射,而在另一些机构,只有不到一半的员工愿意注射。

  “我们有了新的病人……每一天的

  迄今为止被批准使用的两种疫苗——由辉瑞生物技术公司和Moderna公司生产——都需要两剂才能完全有效。

  政府已经与CVS和沃尔格林公司签订了三次疫苗访问长期护理机构的合同:第一次给尽可能多的人注射初始剂量;然后给已经接种疫苗的人注射第二剂疫苗,并覆盖所有没有接种第一剂疫苗的人;最后,确保每个人都注射了第二剂。这些访问始于12月下旬。

  法伊费尔说,目前联邦政府还没有计划,创世纪公司在25个州都设有机构,也没有计划为那些错过这些机会的人接种疫苗。“然而,我们每天都有新病人和新员工,”他说。

  我们知道的是:在8个州和33个国家发现了更具传染性的冠状病毒株

  这两家公司从去年12月开始提供疫苗,并表示将在明年1月25日之前向美国所有1.5万家养老院提供初始疫苗。

  但进展缓慢。

  “我们与长期护理机构的工作不是大规模接种疫苗——恰恰相反,”CVD卫生总裁兼首席执行官拉里·梅洛在一份声明中说。“我们正在应对的弱势群体需要现场,在某些情况下,需要在平均不到100人的医疗机构进行室内探访。”

  更多信息:密歇根州在最后一刻改变计划,推迟了养老院居民接种COVID-19疫苗的时间

  尽管面临这些挑战,CVS和沃尔格林都表示,他们仍将按计划为更多的人接种疫苗,因为各州会指导他们接种,疫苗也会供应。

  两家公司都计划在未来几周内将业务扩展到3万多家辅助生活设施,一旦疫苗可以大规模分发,它们将在数千家药房向公众提供疫苗注射。

  人们将可以通过公司应用程序、网站和免费电话预约接种疫苗。

  CVS药店表示,他们有能力每月注射2000万至2500万针。

  负责全国疫苗分发的佩尔纳将军说,CVS和沃尔格林在将疫苗送到养老院方面做得很好。

  佩尔纳说:“这在全国范围内都是非常积极的势头。

  但在爱荷华州势头并不强劲。

  “我们需要CVS和沃尔格林更快地采取行动,”代表该州大多数养老院和辅助生活中心的爱荷华医疗保健协会主席布伦特·威利特(Brent Willett)说。该州有近700家此类设施,约有3.1万名居民和3.7万名工作人员。

  爱荷华州疗养院的居民只占该州人口的不到1%,但却占该州因COVID-19死亡人数的四分之一以上。

  爱荷华州达文波特的金·巴伦弗斯(Kim Bahrenfuss)最初被告知,疫苗将于12月28日到达她母亲波莱特·赫拉德克(Paulette Hradek)居住的卡尔家。但这个日期后来推迟了,现在,第一批疫苗显然要到1月20日才能注射。

  这意味着她的母亲要到2月底或3月初才能得到充分的保护,也就是她第二次注射后的几周。

  巴伦弗斯说:“当我听到延期的消息时,我崩溃了。”

  请通过kweintraub@usatoday.com联系Karen Weintraub,通过tleys@registermedia.com联系Tony Leys。

  《今日美国》的健康和患者安全部分得益于Masimo医疗保健伦理、创新和竞争基金会的资助。Masimo基金会不提供编辑输入。

  附上原文,以供参考,拒绝转载,侵权必删:

  'This is a problem ... across the country': Health officials hope to speed up COVID-19 vaccine administration at nursing homes

  Karen WeintraubTony LeysUSA TODAY

  Nursing homes have been slow to roll out COVID-19 vaccines, but federal, pharmacy and nursing home officials said they are on track to finish the job before the end of the month.

  Only about 16% of vaccines distributed for use in nursing homes have been injected into residents and the staff who care for them, according to data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

  But Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar said those figures underestimate actual vaccinations, because there is a lag between the time shots are given and when they are recorded.

  Azar said the pace of vaccination has been slowed by the need to get consent forms from residents or their family members, but he expects vaccination rates to speed up soon.

  "We will be seeing a significant ramp-up of those vaccines getting into nursing home patients," Azar said in a Wednesday call with reporters.

  Your vaccine questions, answered:I had COVID, should I still get vaccinated? What are the side effects? What are its 'ingredients?'

  But Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds said Thursday that the process is not moving as fast as she expected.

  "This is a problem that's happening all across the country," she said shortly before meeting with fellow governors and the drug store chains responsible for distributing the vaccine. "None of us are happy with the way this is being executed."

  Nursing home chains appear to be more satisfied.

  Dr. Richard Feifer, chief medical officer of Genesis HealthCare, said vaccinations at his company's more than 350 nursing home facilities are on track.

  "The nursing home program is going pretty well at this point," he said.

  Genesis started vaccinating patients and staff on Dec. 21 and is about halfway done, he said.

  The American Health Care Association and National Center for Assisted Living, which represents more than 14,000 nursing homes and assisted living communities across the country, also said its original timeline seems to be holding.

  “As of right now, we are not aware of widespread issues or delays with this vaccine rollout, and if there were, we would be among the first to sound the alarm," according to a prepared statement. "We continue to assist a minority of member providers who come to us looking for assistance or clarity, but the majority of providers tell us that their clinics have been scheduled or have already occurred and that overall, the program is running smoothly."

  Feifer said he was concerned vaccine side effects might require staff members to take time off. But the rate of symptoms "has been much, much lower than we anticipated," he said. "We've had very few if any call-outs from staff."

  Still, staff members at many of Genesis' facilities have declined to get vaccinated, Feifer said. In some facilities, 80% of employees are signing up for the shot, while in others, less than half are willing to get it.

  'We have new patients ... every single day'

  Both vaccines authorized for use so far – made by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna – require two doses to become fully effective.

  The government has contracted with CVS and Walgreens to visit long-term care facilities three times with vaccine: first to give initial doses as many people as possible; then to give second doses to those already vaccinated and cover everyone who didn't get a first dose; and finally to ensure that everyone has received a second dose. Those visits began in late December.

  There is no federal plan, Feifer said, nor one in any of the 25 states where Genesis has facilities, for how to vaccinate people who miss those opportunities. "Yet we have new patients and new staff every single day," he said.

  What we know:A more contagious coronavirus strain has been found in 8 states and 33 countries

  Both companies began delivering doses in December and say they are on track to provide initial doses to all 15,000 U.S. nursing homes by Jan. 25.

  But it is slow going.

  "Our work with long-term care facilities isn't a mass vaccination effort – quite the opposite," Larry Merlo, CVD Health president and CEO said in a statement. "We're dealing with a vulnerable population that requires onsite and, in some cases, in-room visits at facilities with fewer than 100 residents on average."

  More:Michigan's last-minute switch delayed COVID-19 vaccines for nursing home residents

  Despite those challenges, both CVS and Walgreens say they remain on schedule and will vaccinate more people as states direct them to and vaccine becomes available.

  The companies both plan to expand into more than 30,000 assisted living facilities, each in the coming weeks, and to offer shots to the general public at their thousands of pharmacy locations once doses become available for mass distribution.

  People will be able to schedule vaccination appointments via company apps, websites and toll-free numbers.

  CVS Pharmacy said it has the capacity to administer 20-25 million shots per month.

  Gen. Gus Perna, who has been in charge of distribution for the national vaccine effort, said CVS and Walgreens have done a great job so far of getting vaccines out to nursing homes.

  "It's really positive momentum throughout the country on this," Perna said.

  But the momentum doesn't feel very fast in Iowa.

  “We need CVS and Walgreens to move more quickly,” said Brent Willett, president of the Iowa Health Care Association, which represents most of the state's nursing homes and assisted living centers. The state has nearly 700 such facilities, with about 31,000 residents and 37,000 staff.

  Iowa nursing home residents represent less than 1% of the state’s population, but have accounted for more than a quarter of the state’s deaths from COVID-19.

  Kim Bahrenfuss of Davenport, Iowa, was initially told that vaccine would arrive on Dec. 28 in the Kahl Home where her mother, Paulette Hradek, lives. But that date slipped, and now, the first doses apparently won't be given until Jan. 20.

  That means her mother won't be fully protected until the end of February or early March – a few weeks after her second dose.

  "I was crushed," Bahrenfuss said, "when I heard about the delay."

  Contact Karen Weintraub at kweintraub@usatoday.com and Tony Leys at tleys@registermedia.com.

  Health and patient safety coverage at USA TODAY is made possible in part by a grant from the Masimo Foundation for Ethics, Innovation and Competition in Healthcare. The Masimo Foundation does not provide editorial input.

  Source of articles:https://www.usatoday.com/

  Author:Karen WeintraubTony Leys

  以上就是新冠疫情下美国新冠疫苗的注射情况介绍了,希望对大家了解美国疾病控制与预防中心的情况有所帮助。


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