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美国总统拜登发誓4月19日为止 所有人都有资格接种新冠疫苗

  • 责任编辑:siyu.zhang
  • 来源:互联网
  • 时间:2021-04-07 16:59:08

  所有人都期盼能够尽早接种新冠疫苗,那么美国接种新冠疫苗的进度如何?一起和天道小编看看美国总统拜登的最新承诺

  就像得到埃尔维斯的门票一样:乔·拜登已经发誓,到4月19日为止,所有人都有资格接种新冠疫苗。当闸门打开时,你能抓住一个地方吗?

  Jorge L. Ortiz今日美国

  旧金山的哈里•托伊(Harry Toy)的健康状况使他比同龄人更有资格接种新冠疫苗,但无论他如何努力,都无法得到预约。早上6点打开他的电脑,查看加州的“轮到我了”网页或CVS.com网站,结果毫无结果。

  于是,62岁的玩具向他的姐姐寻求帮助。上周,加州开始对所有50岁及以上的人开放资格,她的丈夫在键盘上的神奇触摸让她接种了疫苗,他也能预约玩具。

  “这是非常困难的。这只是知道留在现场,只是不断查看,”伊丽莎白·安赫莱斯说,周四,她和新接种的玩具走出了旧金山的一个大规模疫苗接种中心。你必须要快,因为有时你输入了所有的信息,当你认为你已经完成了的时候,约会已经结束了。我丈夫对我很生气,因为他说我的电子邮件地址太长了。”

  即使是那些手指快、电子邮件地址短的人,也估计在本月晚些时候接种资格的闸门向大多数美国人开放时,在获得接种预约时也会遇到大量的挫折。

  美国总统拜登(Joe Biden)周二表示,所有成年人都将在4月19日之前获得接种资格,这进一步提高了人们的预期。此前,他曾宣布,90%的成年人将在4月19日之前获得接种资格,所有成年人都将在5月1日获得接种资格。

  拜登说:“不再有令人困惑的规则,不再有令人困惑的限制。”“许多州已经对这些政策开放,但是从4月19日开始……这个国家的每个成年人都有资格排队接受新冠病毒疫苗接种。”

  合格性和可获得性是不一样的,正如拜登强调的“到底线”(get to the line)这个词所暗示的那样。随着数以百万计的人能够追逐这些难以捉摸的镜头,4月19日一场混战的画面出现了,一位专家将这种可能的场景比作试图获得埃尔维斯·普雷斯利(Elvis Presley)的门票。

  与此同时,该专家和医学领域的其他人士表示,不断增长的供应将在几周内满足需求,对于所有想要接种疫苗的人来说,需要一些时间和耐心。

  “扩大开放资格将导致最初的资格的人是尝试性的疫苗,导航系统,签约的那一刻他们的资格,”詹森·l·施瓦茨说,耶鲁大学助理教授卫生政策和康涅狄格疫苗顾问委员会的成员。

  他说:“但好消息是,我们现在正面临如此严重的疫苗供应形势,而这一时期将非常短暂。很快,在每个州开放资格后的几周内,我们将进入疫苗推出的一个非常不同的阶段,我们将有足够的剂量。”

  施瓦茨是认为拜登的目标不仅可行而且“非常可行”的公共卫生专家之一,他指出他的政府在向公众推广疫苗方面取得了显著进展。

  白宫COVID-19应对小组高级顾问安迪·斯拉维特(Andy Slavitt)周一表示,美国上周首次平均每天注射310万剂疫苗,周六创下单日410万剂的记录。白宫周二表示,本周将运送超过2800万剂疫苗。

  根据美国疾病控制与预防中心(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)的数据,近33%的美国人至少注射过一次疫苗,19%的人已完全接种。

  拜登已经承诺2亿剂量在他上任的头100天,他最初承诺的数字增加了一倍,足够的可用性给那些有资格(大多数孩子不)在5月底他的政府努力让国家更接近正常的7月4日假期。

  加州大学旧金山分校(University of California-San Francisco)教授兼医学系主任罗伯特·瓦赫特(Robert Wachter)博士给美国疫苗接种工作打了B+分,大大高于特朗普政府执政前五周的F分。他指出,现在进入人们怀抱的分发疫苗的比例已经从大约30%——他称之为“可耻的”——上升到大约80%。

  “作为一个大国,我们有点落后于英格兰,但领先于其他所有国家,”Wachter说。“我认为你必须看看我们的表现,然后说,‘这很不错。’”

  根据“我们的世界”数据网站,美国每100人接种50剂疫苗的比率在大国中仅次于英国的54.5。

  联合疫苗产量从辉瑞、现代化和强生(Johnson & Johnson)预计将增加到约400万剂一天,韦希特尔和其他专家认为,疫苗供应需求将超过美国,此时焦点将转向达到那些犹豫不决。

  但是,在比较了预期的4月19日对疫苗预约的疯狂抢购与过去一代人争抢埃尔维斯表演门票时,Wachter承认,疫苗接种项目仍然存在效率低下的问题。他预测,当4月19日到来时,一些人将试图利用这个系统,获得专门用于贫困社区的疫苗,另一些人将开车到遥远的地方寻找疫苗。

  埃里克·莫厄特在旧金山市中心工作,他在加州为50岁及50岁以上的居民开放疫苗时表示,能预约接种让人感觉“不可思议”,因为他认识一些人往返180英里到莫德斯托进行第一次接种。几周后,他们将不得不再做一次。

  全球发展中心(Center for Global Development)高级研究员普拉尚特·亚达夫(Prashant Yadav)的工作重点是改善医疗保健供应链,他表示,美国在实施COVID-19疫苗接种计划时基本上克服了两个最大的挑战:拥有足够的供应和疫苗接种人员。

  然而,他说,缺乏一个完整的、统一的系统来告知公众何时何地可以得到疫苗仍然是一个主要障碍。每个州都有自己的方式:可以通过州和县的网站、医疗保健提供者网络、医院、零售药店、连锁超市等渠道预约。疾控中心也有疫苗发现者

  Yadav说:“更大的挑战仍然是如何管理将于4月19日有资格接受疫苗的潜在(疫苗接受者)的洪水,这些人将通过各州、县和疫苗供应商的临时预约安排系统来实现,这些系统不一定相互沟通。”

  Yadav预计,公众会对4月19日的选举产生相当多的不满,他们本以为会有很多可预约的职位,结果发现只有几个,甚至没有。在优先名单末尾的人——如运输工人、邮递员、餐馆雇员——如果他们的疫苗接种积压没有在那一天之前得到清理,情况可能会更加严重。

  根据每个州的决定,他们可能不得不加入未接种人群的行列,寻求接种,尽管亚达夫认为他们仍然应该得到优先考虑。

  根据《纽约时报》的一份图表,以人均为基础,新罕布什尔州、新墨西哥州、康涅狄格州和缅因州等州在人口接种方面做得非常出色,每个州至少给39%或更多的居民注射了一次疫苗。阿拉巴马州、密西西比州、乔治亚州和田纳西州在另一端,都低于28%。

  拜登承诺将零售药店项目的参与者从17000人扩大到40000人,这将有助于加速接种工作,并实现他的目标,即在全国90%居民居住的5英里范围内建立一个接种点。周一,斯拉维特说,政府已经开设了25个大规模疫苗接种点,每天可接种95000针,未来还将开设4个这样的接种点。

  范德比尔特大学(Vanderbilt University)卫生政策副教授、免疫行动联盟(immunyaction Coalition)副主任凯利·摩尔(Kelly Moore)说,疫苗供应的增加以及从三个多月的接种中吸取的教训,使现在是放弃优先限制的正确时机。

  她说:“一旦免疫者可以为任何未经过筛选的人接种疫苗,接种疫苗的效率就会高得多。”“优先次序总是意味着在疫苗供应短缺的短时间内受到限制。虽然这些努力可以帮助最需要的人获得早期疫苗剂量,但它也减慢了人口接种疫苗的过程。现在疫苗供应并不稀缺,我们需要开放并在所有地方全力接种疫苗。”

  附上原文,以供参考,拒绝转载,侵权必删:

  Like scoring Elvis tickets: Joe Biden has vowed vaccine eligibility for all as of April 19. Can you snag a spot when the floodgates open?

  Jorge L. Ortiz USA TODAY

  SAN FRANCISCO Harry Toy has a health condition that made him eligible to receive a COVID-19 vaccine before others his age, but he couldn’t land an appointment no matter what he tried. Getting on his computer at 6 a.m. and checking California’s My Turn web page or the CVS.com site proved fruitless.

  So Toy, 62, sought the help of his sister. Her husband, whose magic touch at the keyboard had led to her getting vaccinated, was able to find an appointment for Toy just as California was opening eligibility for all people 50 and older last week.

  “It’s really difficult. It’s just knowing to stay on the site, and just keep checking," Elizabeth Angeles said as she and the newly inoculated Toy walked out of a mass vaccination center in San Francisco on Thursday. “And you have to be fast, because sometimes you enter all your information, and by the time you think you’re done, the appointment is gone. My husband got mad at me because he said my email address was too long."

  Even those with fast fingers and short email addresses, figure to encounter abundant frustration securing vaccination appointments when the eligibility floodgates open for most Americans later this month.

  President Joe Biden on Tuesday bumped up expectations by saying all adults will be eligible for a vaccine by April 19, after previously announcing 90% would qualify by that date and all by May 1.

  “No more confusing rules, no more confusing restrictions," Biden said. "Many states have already opened up to all of those, but beginning April 19th ... every adult in this country is eligible to get to the line to get a COVID vaccination."

  Eligibility and availability are not the same, as Biden seemed to imply by emphasizing the words "get to the line." With millions more people able to pursue those elusive shots, the picture of a free-for-all April 19 emerges, prompting one expert to compare the likely scenario to trying to score Elvis Presley tickets.

  At the same time, the expert and others in the medical field say growing supply will meet demand in a few weeks, and it will just take some time and patience for all who want a vaccine dose to get it.

  “Expanding to open eligibility will lead to that initial rush of eligible individuals who have been champing at the bit to get the vaccines, navigating the system, signing on the minute they’re eligible," said Jason L. Schwartz, assistant professor of health policy at Yale University and a member of the Connecticut vaccine advisory committee.

  “But the good thing is we’re now moving to such a significant vaccine-supply situation that, that period is going to be very short-lived. Very quickly, really in a matter of weeks after each state moves to open eligibility, we’re going to shift to a very different phase in the vaccine rollout where we will have plenty of doses available."

  Schwartz is among the public health specialists who consider Biden’s goal not only doable but “very attainable," pointing out the remarkable progress his administration has made in getting vaccines out to the public.

  Andy Slavitt, senior adviser of the White House COVID-19 response team, said Monday that the U.S. averaged 3.1 million administered doses a day last week for the first time and set a single-day record with 4.1 million Saturday. The White House said Tuesday that more than 28 million doses will be delivered this week.

  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 33% of Americans have received at least one vaccine shot and 19% are fully vaccinated.

  Biden has pledged 200 million doses administered in his first 100 days in office – twice the number he initially promised – and enough availability for all who qualify (most children don’t) by the end of May as his administration strives to get the country closer to normalcy by the July Fourth holiday.

  Dr. Robert Wachter, professor and chair of the Department of Medicine at the University of California-San Francisco, gives the U.S. vaccination effort a B+ grade, up significantly from an F in the first five weeks under the Trump administration. He noted the percentage of distributed vaccines now finding their way into people’s arms has risen from about 30% – which he called “scandalous" – to right around 80%.

  “For a big country, we’re a little bit behind England but ahead of everybody else," Wachter said. “I think you have to look at how we’re doing and say, ‘That’s pretty good.’"

  According to the Our World in Data website, the U.S. rate of 50 vaccine doses administered per 100 people trails only Britain’s 54.5 among large countries.

  With the combined vaccine output from Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson expected to increase to about 4 million doses a day, Wachter and other experts believe vaccine supply will outstrip demand in the U.S. by May, at which point the focus will shift to reaching those who are hesitant to get it.

  But in comparing the expected mad dash for vaccine appointments April 19 to a past generation scrambling for tickets to an Elvis show, Wachter acknowledged there are still inefficiencies in the vaccination program. When April 19 arrives, he predicts some people will try to game the system and get doses earmarked for those in disadvantaged communities, and others will drive to far-flung locales in search of a shot.

  Eric Mowat, who works in downtown San Francisco, said on the day California opened vaccines for residents 50 and older that it felt “miraculous" to get an appointment, considering he knows people who have made the 180-mile round trip to Modesto for their first shot. Weeks later, they would have to do it again.

  Prashant Yadav, a senior fellow at the Center for Global Development whose work focuses on improving health care supply chains, said the U.S. has largely overcome two of the biggest challenges it faced in implementing the COVID-19 vaccination program: having enough supply and vaccinators.

  However, the lack of an integrated, uniform system for informing the public when and where to get the vaccines remains a major obstacle, he said. Every state has its own approach: Appointments are available through state and county websites, health care provider networks, hospitals, retail pharmacies, supermarket chains and beyond. The CDC also has a vaccine finder.

  “The bigger challenge still is how to manage the deluge of potential (vaccine recipients) who will become eligible on April 19 with a patchwork of appointment-scheduling systems across states, counties, and vaccination providers – systems which don’t necessarily talk to each other," Yadav said.

  Yadav expects a fair amount of resentment from members of the public who log on April 19 expecting a wealth of available appointments, only to find a few or none. The aggravation could be even more pronounced among those at the tail end of the priority list – such as transit workers, mail carriers, restaurant employees – if their vaccination backlog is not cleared up before that date.

  Depending on each state’s decision, they may have to join the unvaccinated masses in seeking their shots, although Yadav believes they should still be given priority.

  On a per capita basis, states such as New Hampshire, New Mexico, Connecticut and Maine have excelled at getting their populations inoculated, each giving at least one shot to 39% or more of their residents, according to a New York Times graphic. Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia and Tennessee, at the other end, all lag below 28%.

  Biden’s promised expansion of the retail pharmacy program from 17,000 to 40,000 participants should help accelerate the inoculation effort and meet his goal of having a vaccination site within 5 miles of where 90% of the country’s residents live. On Monday, Slavitt said the government has opened 25 mass vaccination sites that can administer 95,000 shots a day, and four more such sites are to come.

  Kelly Moore, an adjunct associate professor of health policy at Vanderbilt University and deputy director of the Immunization Action Coalition, said the increased vaccine supply and the lessons learned from more than three months of administering them make this the right time to drop priority restrictions.

  “It’s going to be far more efficient to deliver vaccine doses once immunizers can vaccinate anyone who comes along without screening for priority group," she said. “Prioritization was always meant to be limited to a brief time when vaccine supplies were scarce. While these efforts can help get early vaccine doses to those who need it most, it also slows down the process of vaccinating the population. Now that supply is not scarce, we need to open up and vaccinate at full throttle everywhere."

  Source of articles:https://www.usatoday.com/

  Author:Jorge L. Ortiz

  以上就是新冠疫苗的情况介绍了,希望对各位学子了解接种新冠疫苗的事宜有所帮助,如果你对美国总统拜登还有其他疑问,请关注天道。


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