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佐治亚大学教授对新冠病毒产生巨大恐惧

  • 责任编辑:siyu.zhang
  • 来源:互联网
  • 时间:2021-09-14 23:10:51

  新冠病毒仍在美国肆虐,那么新冠疫苗接种情况如何?一起看看佐治亚大学的教授立场吧。

  “要么掩盖,要么埋葬:”佐治亚大学的教师们因缺乏对新冠病毒的授权而感到沮丧,他们表明了立场

  Lindsay Schnell,今日美国

  Joseph Fu知道这是一个大胆的举动,但这位佐治亚大学的数学教授已经受够了。

  在位于雅典的佐治亚大学,没有要求学生戴口罩或接种新冠疫苗的规定——除非你在傅的微积分课上,他要求所有亲自到场的学生都要戴口罩。这与乔治亚州立大学系统的规定不一致,在那里,他们告诉教师,他们不能要求学生戴口罩,但只是建议。

  傅园慧没有理会这一规定,而是将课堂面具规则写入了教学大纲。这位在佐治亚大学工作了36年的终身教授承认,他这样做实际上是在挑战政府开除他。

  他的同事们,傅说,“觉得我有点疯狂。但他们中的许多人也害怕“进入一个没有口罩或疫苗规定的校园”。“我每天都能看到他们的恐惧。”

  在全国各地,沮丧的大学教师正达到临界点,他们对被迫在不存在或几乎没有执行新冠肺炎规定的校园里亲自授课感到愤怒。一位教授走出教室,当场辞职。

  据《高等教育纪事报》(the Chronicle of Higher Education)报道,超过1000所美国大学需要疫苗。但剩下的数百个则不是。周一,在乔治亚州的19所大学中,至少16所大学计划举行为期一周的示威游行,希望向管理人员施压,要求他们制定口罩和/或疫苗的规定。组织者坚称抗议不是停工;罢工在格鲁吉亚是非法的,参与者将被解雇。

  北乔治亚大学(University of North Georgia)的修辞学和作文教授、该州美国大学教授协会(American Association of University Professors, AAUP)分会主席马修·博迪(Matthew Boedy)说,最终目标是立即在所有州立学校实施戴口罩的命令。随着新冠肺炎病例的增加,教师们还希望加强对在线授课的控制。

  博迪说:“口罩授权可以立即实施,并产生立竿见影的效果。”“他们去年违背州长的意愿,颁布了一项戴面具的命令,然后又取消了。我很惊讶州立大学系统没有做好它的工作,因为它去年就做了。”

  乔治亚州教职工的抗议活动从周一开始

  全国各地都出现了抗议和示威活动,尤其是在南方,那里的COVID-19正在肆虐,医院的重症监护室接近容量。田纳西大学(University of Tennessee)的教职员工上周在诺克斯维尔(Knoxville)举行了抗议活动,而南卡罗莱纳大学(University of South Carolina)的教职员工于9月7日发起了一场社交媒体运动。

  在乔治亚州哥伦布市的一所小型公立学校哥伦布州立大学,大约有6000名学生,教职员工和学生上周举行了示威,举着“戴口罩或棺材”和“不要成为CSU = COVID传播者大学”的标语。他们高呼“更安全的教学!”更安全的学习!当COVID在燃烧时转移到网上!和“露出脸,病例增多!”

  帮助组织哥伦布州抗议活动的英语教授香农·戈德洛夫(Shannon Godlove)说,她每周接触大约65名学生。她已经完全接种了疫苗,所以她觉得很安全——但她担心教授更大班级的同事和孩子太小还不能接种疫苗的同事。

  “我们的行动是为了那些教师、他们的家人和他们的孩子,”戈德洛夫说。对她来说,乔治亚州州长布莱恩·坎普(Brian Kemp)和州立大学系统不要求口罩或疫苗的决定是“道德领导的失败”。

  她说:“很明显,对他们来说,政治比26个机构的教职员工和学生的安全更重要。”

  在明尼苏达大学,学校管理者发布了一项疫苗要求,但这是在辉瑞生物技术公司的疫苗在9月初获得了FDA的全面批准之后,这一延迟让教职员工感到沮丧。当其他十大学校,包括印第安纳州和密歇根州,今年夏天宣布要求时,为什么花了这么长时间?更重要的是,明尼苏达大学的教职人员表示,目前还没有真正执行疫苗要求。

  政治学教授南希·卢克森(Nancy Luxon)说:“你必须发誓,你做到了。”“没有核实过程,没有强制执行,也没有对不遵守规定的学生或工作人员进行跟进。

  “这不是强制要求,这是小指发誓。”

  大学发言人杰克·瑞克说,学生必须在10月8日之前完成疫苗接种表格、医疗豁免或宗教豁免。不遵守规定的学生将被冻结他们的帐户,阻止注册以后的课程。此外,提供虚假、误导或不完整信息的学生将“受到制裁”,他说。

  这个学期,鲁森的一个班级本来可以容纳60名学生,却有58名学生。加上卢森和她的助教,就不可能保持社交距离了。她说,这栋楼的窗户已经老化,已经永久密封,这意味着空气流通几乎不存在。

  上周,在她第一天上课的时候,Luxon问学生们,他们对这一学年有什么期待和紧张。反响非常热烈。

  她说:“他们最希望面对面,但这也让他们最焦虑。”“学生们也想要有主见的授权。”

  有数据支持这一说法:根据《高等教育内幕》(Inside Higher Ed)和《大学脉搏》(College Pulse)今年6月进行的一项“学生之声”(Student Voice)调查,69%的受访学生支持大学要求接种疫苗必须亲自上课。

  “学生们和老师们一样,都知道这样做不正常,也不安全,”卢克森说。

  上周,美国大学教授协会明尼苏达州分会向大学管理人员提交了一封信,有600多名教职员工和学生签名,要求加强疫苗授权,并更灵活地将课程转移到网上。他们还没有得到回应。

  对大学来说,这是一场激烈的竞争

  博迪是即将到来的为期一周的乔治亚州抗议活动的组织者,他知道他和他的美国大学教师协会成员正在要求很多教员。他理解一些非终身职位的人对于公开谴责他们的老板的犹豫。他说,大学教员和其他人一样,都经历着严重的流行病疲劳。参加抗议只是本已令人疲惫的待办事项清单上的又一件事。

  他说:“教师们的抗议已经不像以前那样了。”“这是一种深度而广泛的倦怠。我承认这可能不会改变什么。”

  越来越多的大学需要COVID-19疫苗。一些学校开始驱逐未接种疫苗的学生。

  但博迪和其他像他一样的人能做的最好的事情,他说,是保持公众对决策者的压力,即使“到目前为止没有迹象表明他们在倾听。”他们已经明确表示,无论病例、住院人数或死亡人数有多高,董事会都不会改变主意。”

  傅教授不顾校规,要求戴口罩,他不确定这一切会如何发展。但他愿意继续反抗。

  他说:“这是一场大的懦夫博弈。”“他们预计我们最终会让步。老实说,我不知道会发生什么。希望我们能让他们感到尴尬,让他们改变主意。”

  附上原文,以供参考,拒绝转载,侵权必删:

  'Mask it or casket:' Georgia college faculty, frustrated by lack of COVID-19 mandates, take a stand

  Lindsay Schnell USA TODAY

  Joseph Fu knows it’s a bold move, but the University of Georgia math professor is fed up.

  At UGA in Athens, there are no mask or vaccine mandates – unless you’re in one of Fu’s calculus classes, where he’s requiring masks for all students who show up in person. That’s at odds with the Georgia state university system’s rules, where they’ve told instructors they can’t require students to wear masks, but merely suggest it.

  Fu ignored that instruction, instead writing the classroom mask rule into his syllabus. In doing so, the tenured professor who’s spent 36 years at UGA admits he’s essentially daring the administration to fire him.

  His colleagues, Fu said, “think I’m a little bit crazy. But a lot of them are also afraid” about being on a campus where there are no mask or vaccine mandates. “I see the fear in them every day.”

  Across the country, frustrated college faculty are reaching a breaking point, furious about being forced to teach in person on campuses where COVID regulations are non-existent or barely enforced. One professor walked out of class, quitting on the spot.

  More than 1,000 American colleges are requiring the vaccine, according to The Chronicle of Higher Education. But that leaves hundreds that are not. In Georgia on Monday, at least 16 colleges spanning 19 campuses are planning week-long demonstrations in hopes of pressuring administrators to institute mask and/or vaccine mandates. Organizers are adamant that the protest is not a work stoppage; strikes are illegal in Georgia, and participants would be fired.

  Matthew Boedy, a rhetoric and composition professor at the University of North Georgia and president of the state's American Association of University Professors (AAUP) chapter, said the ultimate goal is an immediate mask mandate at all state schools. Faculty also want more control to move classes online as COVID case counts rise.

  “A mask mandate could be done immediately and make an immediate impact,” Boedy said. “They instituted a mask mandate last year against the governor’s wishes, then they took it away. I’m surprised the state university system isn’t doing its job, because it did it last year.”

  Georgia faculty protest begins Monday

  Protests and demonstrations are popping up across the country, particularly in the South, where COVID-19 is raging and hospital ICUs are close to capacity. Faculty at the University of Tennessee protested in Knoxville last week, while University of South Carolina faculty launched a social media campaign on Sept. 7.

  At Columbus State, a small public school with about 6,000 students in Columbus, Georgia, faculty and students demonstrated last week, holding signs that read “Mask it or casket” and “Don’t make CSU = COVID Spreader University.” They chanted slogans like “Safer teaching! Safer learning! Move online when COVID’s burning!” and “Faces showing, cases growing!”

  Shannon Godlove, an English professor who helped organize the Columbus State protest, said she’s exposed to about 65 students each week. She’s fully vaccinated, so she feels pretty safe – but she worries for colleagues teaching larger classes and colleagues with children too young to be vaccinated.

  “Our activism is for those faculty, their families and their children,” Godlove said. To her, the decision by Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp and the state university system to not require masks or vaccines “is a failure of moral leadership."

  “It’s clear that politics are more important to them than the safety of faculty, staff and students across 26 institutions,” she said.

  At the University of Minnesota, school administrators issued a vaccine requirement, but only after the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine received full FDA approval in early September, a delay that frustrated faculty. Why did it take so long, when other Big Ten schools including Indiana and Michigan, announced requirements this summer? What’s more, faculty at Minnesota say there’s no real enforcement of the vaccine requirement.

  “You just have to cross your heart that you did it,” said Nancy Luxon, a political science professor. “There’s no verification process, no enforcement and no effort to follow up with students or staff in instances of non-compliance.

  “That’s not a mandate, that’s a pinky swear.”

  University spokesman Jake Ricker said students have until Oct. 8 to complete a vaccination form, medical exemption or religious exemption. Students who fail to comply will have a hold placed on their account, preventing registration for future classes. Additionally, students who provide false, misleading or incomplete information would be "subject to sanctions," he said.

  One of Luxon’s classes this semester has 58 students in a classroom meant to hold 60. Add in Luxon and her TA and there’s no chance of social distancing. The building, she said, has aging windows that have been permanently sealed, which means air circulation is practically nonexistent.

  On her first day of class last week, Luxon asked students what they were looking forward to and nervous about this school year. The response was overwhelming.

  “They’re most hopeful for being in person, but it also makes them the most anxious,” she said. “Students want mandates with a backbone, too.”

  There’s data to support that claim: According to a Student Voice survey in June conducted by Inside Higher Ed and College Pulse, 69% of students polled support colleges requiring vaccine mandates to attend in-person class.

  “The students know this isn’t normal or safe, just like the faculty,” Luxon said.

  Last week, the Minnesota's AAUP chapter submitted a letter to university administrators with more than 600 signatures from faculty, staff and students asking for a stronger vaccine mandate and more flexibly to move classes online. They’ve yet to get a response.

  'A big game of chicken' for colleges

  Boedy, the organizer of the upcoming week-long Georgia protest, knows he and his fellow AAUP members are asking a lot of faculty. He understands the hesitancy some non-tenured folk have about publicly condemning their bosses. College faculty are like everyone else, he said, experiencing severe pandemic fatigue. Attending a protest is just one more thing on an already exhausting to-do list.

  “Faculty protests are not what they used to be,” he said. “There’s deep, wide burnout. And I admit it might not change anything.”

  More colleges are requiring COVID-19 vaccine. Some are starting to kick out unvaccinated students.

  But the best thing Boedy and others like him can do, he said, is keep public pressure on decision-makers – even if there’s “no sign they’ve been listening so far. They’ve made it clear that there are no number of cases, hospitalizations or deaths too high for the Board of Regents to change their mind.”

  Fu, the professor who’s bucking university rules and requiring masks, isn’t sure how it will all play out. But he’s willing to keep pushing back.

  “It’s a big game of chicken,” he said. “They expect we’re going to back down eventually. I don’t know where it’s going, frankly. The hope is that we can embarrass them to the point that they’ll change their mind.”

  Source of articles:https://www.usatoday.com/

  Author:Lindsay Schnell


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